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Acute Lung Injury and the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

ALI complicates a variety of medical and surgical conditions, most commonly severe sepsis, pneumonia and massive trauma.
CME credit is no longer available for this conference.

Course Authors

Chirag V. Shah, M.D., M.S., and Jason D. Christie, M.D., M.S.

Dr. Shah is Instructor in Medicine and Dr. Christie is Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

Within the past 12 months, Drs. Shah reports no commercial conflicts of interest; Dr. Christie has been a consultant to Discovery Labs and GlaxoSmithKline.

Estimated course time: 1 hour(s).

Albert Einstein College of Medicine – Montefiore Medical Center designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by Albert Einstein College of Medicine-Montefiore Medical Center and InterMDnet. Albert Einstein College of Medicine – Montefiore Medical Center is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this Cyberounds®, you should be able to:

  • Describe the diagnostic criteria for acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome.

  • Assess the underlying precipitating causes of ALI and the differential diagnosis of ALI in a critically ill patient.

  • Discuss the pathophysiology of the acute phase of ALI responsible for the refractory hypoxemia.

  • Apply the ventilatory strategy that should be used in patients with ALI.



This conference may include discussion of commercial products and services.

The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the sponsor or its publisher. Please review complete prescribing information of specific drugs or combination of drugs, including indications, contraindications, warnings and adverse effects before administering pharmacologic therapy to patients.


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