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Global Warming and Ancient Microorganisms

Global warming is just one of the many facets of climatic change. The word "global warming" commonly refers to the measured increase in global average temperature in terms of intensity...

Course Authors

Mohamed S. K. Kamel, Ph.D.

Dr. Kamel is Assistant Professor of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Within the past 12 months, Dr. Kamel has nothing to disclose relevant to this activity.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine – Montefiore Medical Center CCPD staff and interMDnet staff have nothing to disclose relevant to this activity.

Estimated time to complete: 1 hour(s).

Albert Einstein College of Medicine – Montefiore Medical Center designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by Albert Einstein College of Medicine-Montefiore Medical Center and InterMDnet. Albert Einstein College of Medicine – Montefiore Medical Center is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this Cyberounds®, you should be able to:

  • Describe how climatic changes, especially global warming, represents a threat to public health;

  • Discuss how global warming will cause the emergence and re-emergence of particular infectious agents;

  • List specific ancient viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms that may be released due to global warming.



The opinions expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of Einstein-Montefiore or InterMDnet. Please review complete prescribing information of specific drugs or combination of drugs, including indications, contraindications, warnings and adverse effects before administering pharmacologic therapy to patients.


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